Get A Way of Work and a Way of Life: Coal Mining in Thurber, PDF
By Marilyn D. Rhinehart
The coal mine represented even more than a fashion of constructing a dwelling to the miners of Thurber, Texas, within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries-it represented a life-style. Coal mining ruled Thurber's paintings existence, and miners ruled its social lifestyles. the big immigrant inhabitants that crammed the mines in Thurber represented greater than a dozen countries, which lent a strong point to this Texas city. In 1888 Robert D. Hunter and the Texas & Pacific Coal corporation based Thurber at the web site of Johnson Mines, a small coal-mining village at the western fringe of North vital Texas the place Palo Pinto, Erath, and Eastland counties converged. for nearly 40 years the corporate mined coal and owned and operated a city that through 1910 served as domestic to greater than 3 thousand citizens. Marilyn Rhinehart examines the tradition of the miners' paintings, the demographics and social lifetime of the group, and the advantages and constraints of lifestyles in an organization city.
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Extra info for A Way of Work and a Way of Life: Coal Mining in Thurber, Texas, 1888-1926 (Texas A&M Southwestern Studies)
A ratio of one hundred miners to one foreman kept supervisory visits to their rooms in one day brief, few, and far between. "Almost of necessity," Carter Goodrich wrote, "the working arrangements place[d] a quite old-fashioned reliance . . '"15 Despite the relative independence miners enjoyed in their work, the underground workers found themselves increasingly dependent on other mine employees as greater job specialization invaded the pits by the turn of the century. They could not remove the coal and dispatch it to the surface without direction and assistance from the pit boss and his assistant, who coordinated the multitude of interrelated activities Page 23 taking place underground.
In the wake of the decline of the cattle industry in the late 1880s, Hunter sold his interest in the company to Evans and directed his attention to coal prospects in Texas. 11 Hunter's exact role in the Johnsons' two-year effort to mine coal is unclear. In November, 1886, Edgar L. Marston, a New York financier, Hunter's son-in-law, and a future major stockholder and officer in the Texas & Pacific Coal Company, received a copy of the assay report performed for the Johnsons on the coal reserves that the brothers had purchased the previous month.
Page 16 of origin (or ethnicity) and related language capabilities, thus, shaped the mining population as they did few other occupational groups in the community. Racial diversity similarly characterized the mining population. During the company's early labor difficulties, from late 1888 to the middle of 1889, Hunter recruited an estimated 100 to 150 black miners. In 1900, the mining company still employed 107 black miners, the largest group of black workers in the community. Almost 90 percent of black adult males in Thurber mined coal (table 2).
A Way of Work and a Way of Life: Coal Mining in Thurber, Texas, 1888-1926 (Texas A&M Southwestern Studies) by Marilyn D. Rhinehart