Download e-book for kindle: Agricultural and Mineral Commodities Year Book by David Lea
By David Lea
An in-depth survey of the foremost commodities of the realm * Profiles each one commodity intimately * offers in-depth statistics on creation * contains a useful listing Contents: * Introductory essays * Covers all significant agricultural and mineral items together with aluminium, coal, cotton, nickel, petroleum, bananas, rice, rubber, tea, espresso, tobacco, wheat, usual gasoline, soybeans, zinc, lead and phosphates * every one commodity is profiled intimately with details on actual visual appeal, background, makes use of, significant markets, traits widespread, significant importers and exporters * Statistical info of modern degrees of creation at a world and person kingdom point * contemporary tendencies in costs with indexes of export costs * A listing of organisations considering commodities.
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Tons. The USA normally accounts for about one-third of total aluminium consumption (excluding communist and former communist countries). Although it is the world’s principal producing country (accounting for about 15% of global output of primary aluminium in 2000), the USA does not produce a surplus of ingots, and limits production to satisfy its domestic requirements for fabrication, while importing the remainder from low-cost producers elsewhere. The USA produces a very small amount of bauxite for domestic use.
Tons. Although the country lacks an alumina refinery, it possesses a substantial aluminium smelter facility, located at Tema, which processes imported alumina. The smelter is operated by the Volta Aluminium Co (VALCO), which is 90% owned by Kaiser. However, in recent years severe drought has caused serious shortages of electricity for the VALCO smelter, and by mid-1998 only one of its five potlines was in operation. By 2000, however, the situation had improved, VALCO operating an average of four potlines in that year.
In 2001 the country accounted for 39% of the world’s bauxite production and, in 2000, for almost 32% of alumina output. 5m. 6% on the 2000 total. The country’s six alumina refineries include the huge Worsley facility in Western Australia, reported to be probably the lowest-cost refinery in the world. 7m. 1m. tons (so making it the world’s largest alumina refinery), was completed in 2000. At that time Alcoa owned 56% of the Worsley refinery, but the company was required to dispose of this interest, among several assets, as a precondition, imposed by COMMODITY SURVEYS 39 competition authorities, for its merger with Reynolds (see above).
Agricultural and Mineral Commodities Year Book by David Lea